by Dr. Ryk Croukamp
Victor Frankl (Psychiatrist and Neurologist-1905-1997) laid down the foundations of a new approach to therapy. As the Father of Logotherapy/ existential analysis, together with Sigmund Freud's Psychoanalysis and Alfred Adler's Logotherapy/Existential Analysis (LTEA), Logotherapy became known as the "Third Viennese School of Psychotherapy". The approach is an internationally acknowledged and empirically based meaning-centered approach to psychotherapy.
In Logotherapy/Existential Analysis (LTEA) the search for a meaning in life is identified as the primary motivational force in human beings, rather than the need for power or pleasure.
Frankl's approach is based on the following three philosophical and psychological concepts:
1. FREEDOM OF WILL
“Everything can be taken from a man but one thing: the last of the human freedoms—to choose one’s attitude in any given set of circumstances, to choose one’s own way.”
2. WILL TO MEANING
“Everyone has his own specific vocation or mission in life; everyone must carry out a concrete assignment that demands fulfillment. Therein he cannot be replaced, nor can his life be repeated. Thus, everyone's task is unique as is his specific opportunity to implement it” - Victor Frankl, Man's search for meaning.
Human beings are not only free, this freedom stands in relation to something - to achieve goals and purposes. The search for meaning is seen as the primary motivation of humans. When a person cannot realize his or her "Will to Meaning" in their lives they will experience an abysmal sensation of meaninglessness and emptiness, often referred to as the "existential vacuum". This vacuum and frustration of the existential need for meaningful goals may engender or increase psychosomatic maladies and neurotic disorders. Often highly successful people end up asking "was this now it?" That is the language of such emptiness.
Logotherapy/Existential Analysis assists clients in perceiving and removing those factors that hinder them in pursuing meaningful goals in their lives, both at work and in their personal lives. Clients are supported in the discovery of their own meaning potentialities, rather than us offering specific meanings. Clients are therefore guided and assisted in the realization of those meaning possibilities they have detected themselves.
At Indigo Skye Transformation, we apply these principles in workshop format to facilitate a sense of meaning and purpose for individuals, teams, organizations. and the very society.
3. MEANING IN LIFE
“Ultimately, man should not ask what the meaning of his life is, but rather must recognize that it is he who is asked. In a word, each man is questioned by life; and he can only answer to life by answering for his own life; to life he can only respond by being responsible.”
LTEA is based on the idea that meaning is an objective reality. The Logotherapy approach calls upon humans, on the grounds of their freedom and responsibility, to bring forth the possible best in themselves and in the world, by perceiving and realizing the meaning of the moment in each and every situation. In this context it must be stressed that these meaning potentials, although objective in nature, are linked to the specific situation and person, and are therefore continually changing. Thus LTEA does not declare or offer some general meaning of life. Rather, clients are aided in achieving the openness and flexibility that will enable them to shape their day-to-day lives in a meaningful manner.
At Indigo Skye Transformation, we offer clients the possibility of establishing a clear life vision, mission and purpose, and to establish a clear sense of responsibility for their lives, so that they may become the very best they can be for the world.
We do this through the design and facilitation of workshops for any individual, team or organisation that requires a dialogic approach in response to transformation and change, where traditional change management approaches have become irrelevant and beyond its expiry date.